Advantages Proponents of year-round school cite: Multi-tracking allows more cost-effective use of school facilities classroom space, computer labs, libraries, media resources as well as staff resources education specialists such as physical education, foreign languages, music, art, therapists and counselors.
Huebner After the long, lazy days of summer, students traditionally return to school to repeat the process of acclimating to new teachers, new classmates, and new classroom procedures.
Students also struggle to remember skills and content they often have not used for several months. To combat this summer learning loss, many schools have implemented year-round schooling.
The National Association for Year-Round Education reported in that 3, year-round schools enrolled more than 2 million students in the United States. But does the research show that year-round schooling raises student achievement?
What We Know Research indicates that summer learning loss is a real problem for students—especially for economically disadvantaged students.
In one study, Alexander, Entwisle, and Olson found that low-income students made similar achievement gains to other students during the school year; the widening of the achievement gap between the two groups occurred over the summer. Unfortunately, research is inconclusive on whether year-round schooling is an effective solution to this problem.
Two major meta-analyses of studies on year-round schooling have shown that the findings are mixed and that many studies suffer from weak research designs or methodology—for example, failing to account for family socioeconomic level or parental education.
However, both of these meta-analyses—Worthen and Zsiray and Cooper, Valentine, Charlton, and Melson —did find support for the following conclusions: Students in year-round schools do as well or slightly better in terms of academic achievement than students in traditional schools.
Year-round education may be particularly beneficial for students from low-income families. Students, parents, and teachers who participate in a year-round school tend to have positive attitudes about the experience.
The research also indicates that when year-round schooling has resulted in higher academic achievement, the schools in question are usually doing more than just rearranging the school calendar. These schools are also providing remediation and enrichment for students during the breaks so that students have opportunities to relearn material, practice skills, catch up, or experience nonacademic enrichment activities continuously throughout the year McMillen, What You Can Do Schools considering changing the annual calendar should be aware that year-round schooling takes different forms.
The calendar can be single-track with students and school personnel all following the same schedule, or multitrack with students and teachers divided into two or more groups following staggered schedules usually used to reduce overcrowding. The length of sessions and breaks varies.
For example, in the model, students attend school for 45 days and then have a day break; in the model, students attend school for 60 days and then break for 20 days.
How schools use the breaks, or intersessions, for remediation and enrichment varies. And finally, some schools keep the school year the same length overall, whereas others use the shift to add more total days to the school year. Because year-round schooling takes so many forms and the research is inconclusive, it is important to communicate directly with other schools and districts that have long-term experience with year-round calendars—including schools that adopted a year-round calendar only to eventually return to a traditional one.
Educators and administrators in these districts can give you insights into the aspects of year-round schooling that would be most important for your school or district. As educators considering the shift to year-round schooling—and the kind of year-round schooling that would be best for their school—they should also be sure to identify and articulate exactly what problems they expect a modified school calendar or additional instructional days to solve.
Just as with implementing any new program, schools should invite staff, parents, and community members to participate in the discussion and planning before committing to the change. Educators Take Note The most conclusive finding of the research is that students from lower socioeconomic levels can benefit from a year-round calendar—if the school intentionally plans to include extra learning opportunities during the breaks.
Therefore, schools should consider the needs of their student population before deciding whether year-round schooling is a wise school reform strategy for them.
Lasting consequences of the summer learning gap.
American Sociological Review, 72 4— The effects of summer vacation on achievement test scores: A narrative and meta-analytic review. Review of Educational Research, 66 3— The effects of modified school calendars on student achievement and on school and community attitudes.
Review of Educational Research, 73 11— A statewide evaluation of academic achievement in year-round schools. The Journal of Educational Research, 95 267— National Association for Year-Round Education.
Statistical summaries of year-round education programs, — What twenty years of educational studies reveal about year-round education.Sep 11, · Related Post of Education argumentative essay year round school research proposal humanities and social sciences indexing .
SCHOOL DISTRICT – Year-Round School Calendar Weekend or Holiday (No classes) Teacher Organization Day (No classes) K Professional Development (PD) Day (No classes) K-9 Parent/Teacher Conference or PD Day (No classes). All year round education argumentative essay.
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architecture dissertation proposal. Year Round School is where school is the same amount of days, , but the days are spread so it goes all year. Also the breaks are made longer to make up for summer break.
I have noticed that between schools have slowly switched to year round education while others have switched back to a regular school-year.
The most common application of year-round education uses the plan.
Students attend school for 45 days, or about nine weeks, then take off for three weeks, or 15 school days. The normal breaks for holidays and spring remain in place with this calendar.
Year-round education is also known by the number of "tracks" it uses. A school using a "single track" year-round calendar is simply changing the instructional/vacation sequence of the school year; all the students and staff are in school or vacation at the same time.