Again, like Castro sites, there are many, but of variable quality and very often strongly biased to the left.
A new constitution with transformational purpose Cuba's Government The national referendum to ratify Cuba's new constitution will take place on February 24, The Magna Carta currently in force was passed in but had important amendments added in and Cuba is a totalitarian communist state headed by General Raul Castro and a cadre of party loyalists.
Raul Castro replaced his brother Fidel Castro as chief of state, president of Cuba, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces on February 24, Cuban lawmakers approved a commission that tasked with updating the country's Soviet-era constitution. President Miguel Diaz-Canel convened a special session of Cuba's parliament on 02 June that saw legislators approve the commission to be led by former President Raul Castro and some 30 others, including Diaz-Canel.
The current constitution was written in at the height of the Cold War. Another potential change would incorporate the market reforms of recent years into the constitution and could regulate private property in a limited way.
The legislators approved plans to submit the draft, as modified during this session, to popular consultation, August 13 through November On a special day for the island's inhabitants, commemorating the 92nd anniversary of the birth of the historical leader of the Revolution, Fidel Castrowork centers and neighborhoods are scheduled around the country to hold meetings in which people can express their opinions and make proposals to improve the letter of the constitution.
The new text is composed of one preamble and articles 87 more than the current Constitutiondivided into 11 titles, 24 chapters and 16 sections. The draft affirms the socialist nature of the island and the leading role of the Communist Party in its society, proposes changes in the structure of the State, broadens human rights and presents to the constitutional rank principles such as the condemnation of terrorism and the promotion of multilateralism.
Term and age limits on senior officials would not alter the political and media monopoly of the Cuban Communist Party.
The separation of presidential functions and a prime minister role suggest checks on any future reforming leader. Noteworthy changes to the proposed draft are the legalization of same-sex marriages and greater autonomy for municipal governments. In the legal field, the text extends the rights of individuals, with issues such as the guarantees of due process, Habeas Corpus, the presumption of innocence and the social reintegration of those deprived of liberty.
The new Constitution includes changes in the structure of the State, such as the creation of the offices of President and Vice President of the Republic, and of the Prime Minister.
The Draft Constitution of the Republic ratifies the importance of foreign investment for Cuba's economic development.
The document also recognizes the different forms of property that coexist in the country, but it makes it clear that the economic system is based on the socialist property of the entire people. The recognition of the role of the market and of new forms of property, including private, is in tune with the Conceptualization of the Cuban Economic and Social Model of Socialist Development and the Guidelines of the Economic and Social Policy of the Communist Party and the Revolution.
Likewise, it envisages planning as a key element in the economic system, as well as the workers' role and participation in this process.
On May 20, U. Bush, during a meeting in Miami, demanded that Cuba renounce the socialist character of the Revolution in a new Constitution. Raul Castro said this was a step in "defining in shaping the future direction of the country through the gradual and orderly transfer to the new generation The party monopolizes all government positions, including judicial offices.
Though not a formal requirement, party membership is a de facto prerequisite for high-level official positions and professional advancement in most areas, although non-party members are sometimes allowed to serve in the National Assembly.
The Communist Party or one of its subsidiaries vets candidates for any elected office. President Castro exercised control over all aspects of life through the Communist Party and its affiliated mass organizations, the government bureaucracy headed by the Council of State, and the state security apparatus.
President Castro personally chose the membership of the Politburo, the select group that heads the party.
The Communist Party controls all government positions, including judicial offices. The judiciary is completely subordinate to the Government and to the Communist Party. The PCC monopolizes all government positions, including judicial offices, and approves candidates for any elected office.
To direct its policy, the Central Committee elects a Politburo 24 members inreduced from 24 to only 15 in Municipal, regional, and provincial assemblies also have been established. The National Assembly is the supreme organ of state and the sole legislative authority.
The National Assembly has the formal power, among others, to approve the budget and the national economic plan; elect the members of the Supreme Court; and generally oversee the rule-making activities and electoral processes of the provincial assemblies and municipal assemblies.
The National Assembly deputies are elected by direct popular vote for five-year terms. There are no contested elections for the roughly members of the National Assembly of People's Power ANPPwhich meets twice a year for a few days to rubber stamp decisions and policies previously decided by the governing Council of State.history of cuba and the castro revolution, background to revolution , castro biographies, road to power, castro revolution, Leadership, Race, Social Policies, economy, dissidents, ernesto che guevara, castros cuba .
Murder Rape and Theft in Cabinda. Chevron & MPLA. Chevron-Gulf Keeps Marxist Angola Afloat "Now, in spite of the increasingly advantageous position of UNITA, and the imminent collapse of the illegitimate, pro-Soviet government, elements within the State Department are doing their best to salvage the (communist) MPLA, and to prevent the .
Oct 29, · A totalitarian regime is a government that controls every aspect of the life of the people. People living under this type of regime generally also support it, sometimes almost cultishly, thanks to extensive propaganda missions that are designed to promote a positive view of the government.
Regime of Cuba When Columbus came to Cuba in , he and his predecessors would probably never have imagined of this island’s outcome within the centuries ahead. from conquering the country, to its independence, to the totalitarian regime put into it, all these .
A Communist state (sometimes referred to as workers' state) is a state that is administered and governed by a single party, guided by Marxist–Leninist philosophy, with the aim of achieving communism.. There have been several instances of Communist states with functioning political participation processes involving several other non .
The classic totalitarian regimes all shared a few characteristics. They attempted to control every aspect of the lives of their people, enlisting everyone in a common struggle against designated.