NRMs are characterized by a number of shared traits.
But the Catholic share of the Hispanic population is declining, while rising numbers of Hispanics are Protestant or unaffiliated with any religion. Together, these trends suggest that some religious polarization is taking place in the Hispanic community, with the shrinking majority of Hispanic Catholics holding the middle ground between two growing groups evangelical Protestants and the unaffiliated that are at opposite ends of the U.
The share of Hispanics who The religious diversity in the united states Catholic likely has been in decline for at least the last few decades. Some have become born-again or evangelical Protestants, a group that exhibits very high levels of religious commitment.
On average, Hispanic evangelicals — many of whom also identify as either Pentecostal or charismatic Protestants — not only report higher rates of church attendance than Hispanic Catholics but also tend to be more engaged in other religious activities, including Scripture reading, Bible study groups and sharing their faith.
At the same time, other Hispanics have become religiously unaffiliated — that is, they describe themselves as having no particular religion or say they are atheist or agnostic. This group exhibits much lower levels of religious observance and involvement than Hispanic Catholics.
In this respect, unaffiliated Hispanics roughly resemble the religiously unaffiliated segment of the general public. Hispanic Catholics are somewhere in the middle.
They fall in between evangelicals and the unaffiliated in terms of church attendance, frequency of prayer and the degree of importance they assign to religion in their lives, closely resembling white non-Hispanic Catholics in their moderate levels of religious observance and engagement see Chapter 3.
These three Hispanic religious groups also have distinct social and political views, with evangelical Protestants at the conservative end of the spectrum, the unaffiliated at the liberal end and Hispanic Catholics in between.
The survey was conducted May July 28,among a representative sample of 5, Hispanic adults ages 18 and older living in the United States. The survey was conducted in English and in Spanish on both cellular and landline telephones with a staff of bilingual interviewers.
The margin of error for results based on all respondents is plus or minus 2. For more details, see Appendix A: The remainder of this overview discusses the key findings in greater detail, beginning with a deeper look at changes in religious affiliation among Latinos in recent years, which have been concentrated among young and middle-aged adults ages While these shifts are complicated and defy any single, simple explanation, the report examines some potential factors, including patterns in religious switching since childhood, the reasons Latinos most frequently give for changing their religion, areas of agreement and disagreement with the Catholic Church, and the continuing appeal of Pentecostalism.
The report also explores key differences between Latino religious groups, placing Latino Protestants, Catholics and religiously unaffiliated adults on a spectrum in terms of religious commitment, social attitudes and political views.
Broad-Based Changes in Religious Identity The recent changes in religious affiliation are broad-based, occurring among Hispanic men and women, those born in the United States and those born abroad, and those who have attended college as well as those with less formal education.
The changes are also occurring among Hispanics of Mexican origin the largest single origin group and those with other origins. The change, however, has occurred primarily among Hispanic adults under the age of 50, and the patterns vary considerably among different age groups.
Among the youngest cohort of Hispanic adults, those agesvirtually all of the net change has been away from Catholicism and toward no religious affiliation. Among those agesthe net movement has been away from Catholicism and toward both evangelical Protestantism and no religious affiliation.
Among Hispanics ages 50 and older, the changes in religious identity are not statistically significant. For more on religious affiliation, see Chapter 1.
Latinos Make Up a Rising Share of Catholics Even though the percentage of Hispanics who identify as Catholic has been declining, Hispanics continue to make up an increasingly large share of U. Catholics were Hispanic, according to Pew Research surveys.
Both trends can occur at the same time because of the growing size of the Hispanic population, which has increased from Indeed, if both trends continue, a day could come when a majority of Catholics in the United States will be Hispanic, even though the majority of Hispanics might no longer be Catholic.
While the decline in Catholic affiliation is occurring among multiple age groups, it is more pronounced among younger generations of Hispanics. Religious Switching Since Childhood The decline in Catholic affiliation among Latinos is due, at least in part, to changes in religious affiliation since childhood.
Catholicism is the only major religious tradition among Latinos that has seen a net loss in adherents due to religious switching. Net gains have occurred among the religiously unaffiliated up 12 percentage points and among Protestants up eight points.
The net gains are about evenly divided between those who have changed to Protestant a net gain of eight percentage points and those who have changed to no religious affiliation a net gain of 10 percentage points. Among Hispanic immigrants who say their current religion is different from their childhood religion, roughly half say this change occurred after moving to the U.
Born At the same time, a growing share of Hispanics were born in the U. Catholics, by contrast, have had a net loss of 25 percentage points among the native born. For more on religious switching, see Chapter 2. Reasons Given for Switching Religions The new survey asked respondents who have left their childhood religion about the reasons they did so.
Of six possible reasons offered on the survey, two were cited as important by half or more of Hispanics who have changed faiths: For more on the reasons Hispanics give for switching faiths, see Chapter 2.Today, the United States stands as the most religiously diverse country in the world.
This diversity poses great challenges as well as opportunities. ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY IN THE UNITED STATES NOVEMBER The United States, a nation of immigrants, is often referred to . The United States contains a highly diverse population. Unlike a country such as China that largely incorporated indigenous peoples, the United States has a diversity that to a great degree has come from an immense and sustained global immigration.
Probably no other country has a wider range of racial, ethnic, and cultural types than does the United States. Religion in the United States is characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. Various religious faiths have flourished within the United States.
A majority of Americans report that religion plays a very important role in their lives, a proportion unique among developed countries. [needs update?Historically, the United States has always been marked by religious pluralism and. All six of the maps and data below—which depict religious popularity, diversity and adherents—come from the In the West, Buddhism is the largest non-Christian religion in 13 states.
World Religions Frap. STUDY. PLAY. the major reason for the expansion in religious diversity in the United States is. an increase in immigration from Asia and Latin America. The major reason a class on world religions is distinct from other religion classes is.