Primacy of Simon Peter and Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire Catholics recognize the pope as the successor to Saint Peterwhom Jesus designated as the "rock" upon which the Church was to be built. Many of the bishops of Rome in the first three centuries of the Christian era are obscure figures. Several suffered martyrdom along with members of their flock in periods of persecution. Most of them engaged in intense theological arguments with other bishops.
The lower trunk is conspicuously scarred where leaves and fruit were borne. All parts of the plant contain latex in articulated laticifers. The flowers are 5-parted and highly dimorphic, the male flowers with the stamens fused to the petals. The female flowers have a superior ovary and five contorted petals loosely connected at the base.
The flowers are sweet-scented, open at night and are moth-pollinated. Origin and distribution[ edit ] Cultivation[ edit ] Papaya plants grow in three sexes: The male produces only pollen, never fruit. The female produces small, inedible fruits unless pollinated. The hermaphrodite can self-pollinate since its flowers contain both male stamens and female ovaries.
Almost all commercial papaya orchards contain only hermaphrodites. In cultivation, it grows rapidly, fruiting within 3 years.
It is, however, highly frost-sensitive, limiting its production to tropical climates. In Florida, California, and Texas, growth is generally limited to southern parts of the states. It prefers sandy, well-drained soil, as standing water will kill the plant within 24 hours.
One has sweet, red or orange flesh, and the other has yellow flesh; in Australia, these are called "red papaya" and "yellow papaw", respectively. The modifications were made by University of Hawaii scientists who made the modified seeds available to farmers without charge.
Infected leaves may obtain blisters, roughen or narrow, with blades sticking upwards from the middle of the leaves.
The petioles and stems may develop dark green greasy streaks and in time become shorter. The ringspots are circular, C-shaped markings that are darker green than the fruit itself. In the later stages of the virus, the markings may become gray and crusty. Viral infections impact growth and reduce the fruit's quality.
One of the biggest effects that viral infections have on papaya is the taste. As ofthe only way to protect papaya from this virus is genetic modification. The virus affects both the leaves of the plant and the fruit. Leaves show thin, irregular, dark-green lines around the borders and clear areas around the veins.
The more severely affected leaves are irregular and linear in shape. The virus can infect the fruit at any stage of its maturity.
|Tainung Papaya Information and Facts||Babaco Carica pentagonaMountain Papaya C. The papaya is believed to be native to southern Mexico and neighboring Central America.|
|Kamiya Papayas | Highest Quality Papayas Grown in Hawaii||Eusebius preserves two possibly verbatim excerpts from Papias on the origins of the Gospels, one concerning Mark and then another concerning Matthew. The Elder used to say:|
|Papaya - Wikipedia||Papaya is a rich source of Vitamin A, vitamin B, beta-carotene, potassium and vitamin C and its regular consumption keeps eyesight normal.|
|Tainung Papaya Information and Facts||Glossary -Fruit Crops terms and definations Fruit-Crops.|
|Seasons/Availability||They are a large papaya, and typically weigh up to 4 pounds and measure around 70 centimeters in diameter.|
Fruits as young as 2 weeks old have been spotted with dark-green ringspots about 1 inch in diameter. Rings on the fruit are most likely seen on either the stem end or the blossom end.
In the early stages of the ringspots, the rings tend to be many closed circles, but as the disease develops, the rings will increase in diameter consisting of one large ring. The difference between the ringspot and the mosaic viruses is the ripe fruit in the ringspot has mottling of colors and mosaic does not.
The disease starts out small with very few signs, such as water-soaked spots on ripening fruits. The spots become sunken, turn brown or black, and may get bigger.
In some of the older spots, the fungus may produce pink spores. The fruit ends up being soft and having an off flavor because the fungus grows into the fruit.
Tiny, light yellow spots begin on the lower surfaces of the leaf as the disease starts to make its way. The spots enlarge and white powdery growth appears on the leaves. The infection usually appears at the upper leaf surface as white fungal growth.
Powdery mildew is not as severe as other diseases. Damping-off happens in young plants by wilting and death. The spots on established plants start out as white, water-soaked lesions at the fruit and branch scars.
These spots enlarge and eventually cause death.HISTORY The islands in the triangle formed (roughly) by Tahiti, New Zealand, and Hawaii are inhabited by people who possess prominent genealogical traits in .
History Papayas, native to Central America, have been long revered by the Latin American Indians. Spanish and Portuguese explorers brought papayas to many other subtropical lands to which they journeyed including India, the Philippines, and parts of Africa. This work, which is lost apart from brief excerpts in the works of Irenaeus of Lyons (c.
) and Eusebius of Caesarea (c. ), is an important early source on Christian oral tradition and especially on the origins of the canonical Gospels. Geography/History Papayas are native to Mexico and South America.
However, the Tainung Papaya itself is a variety that was originally developed in Taiwan. Their parent is the Sunrise Papaya, a cultivar that has been used for hybridization since the s. Fuji Early Fuji Sun Gala Ginger Gold Gold Medal Golden Dorsett Golden Russet Golden.
History of Papaya Carica papaya L. The papaya, Carica papaya L., is a member of the small family Caricaceae allied to the Passifloraceae. As a dual- or multi-purpose, early-bearing, space-conserving, herbaceous crop, it is widely acclaimed, despite its susceptibility to natural enemies.
Although there is a slight seasonal peak in early summer and fall, papaya trees produce fruit year round. Papayas are spherical or pear-shaped fruits that can be as long as 20 inches.
The ones commonly found in the market usually average about 7 inches and weigh about one pound. History. Papayas, native to Central America, have been long.