Initially the image of the statue was drawn by Vutchetich from Ukrainian painter Nina Danyleiko,   after the design was taken over by Borodai from another Ukrainian sculptor Halyna Kalchenko, a daughter of the Prime Minister of Ukraine Nikifor Kalchenko. On the hill beneath the museum, traditional flower shows are held.
The Motherland Calls at night Eternal Flame in Mamayev Kurgan memorial complex The work of sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and engineer Nikolai Nikitin is an 85 metre figure of a woman stepping forward with a raised sword.
The statue is an allegorical image of the Motherland, which calls on its sons and daughters to repulse the enemy and continue their further attack.
The Motherland Calls is highly complex from an engineering point of view, due to its characteristic posture with Mother and motherland sword raised high in the right hand and the left hand extended in a calling gesture.
The technology behind the hollow statue is based on a combination of prestressed concrete with wire ropesa solution which can also be found in another work of Nikitin's, the Ostankino Tower in Moscow.
The sculpture is hollow. Inside, the entire statue consists of separate cells or chambers, like rooms in a building. The concrete walls of the sculpture are 25—30 centimetres thick.
Restoration work on the main monument of the monument complex was done inwhen the sword was replaced by another entirely consisting of stainless steel. It is also believed that the statue has parallels with the figure of the "Marseillaise" on the Triumphal arch in Parisand that the statue's pose was inspired by the statue of Nike of Samothrace.
At night, the sculpture is illuminated by floodlights. It was specially illuminated as part of a light show titled "The Light of the Great Victory", marking the 72nd anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany. The statue contains 5, tonnes of concrete and 2, tons of metal structures, the sword itself weighs 14 tons.
Dedication[ edit ] Monument The Motherland Calls on the GDR mark of Two hundred steps, symbolizing the days of the Battle of Stalingradlead from the bottom of the hill to the monument.
Marshal of the Soviet Union Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov is buried in the area of the monument, as is famous Soviet sniper Vasily Zaytsevwho killed soldiers and officers of the German army and their allies in the battle of Stalingrad.
Structural problems[ edit ] The sword was originally made of stainless steeltrimmed with titanium sheets. The huge mass and high windage of the sword, due to its colossal dimensions, caused a strong swinging of the sword under the influence of wind loads, which caused excessive mechanical stress in the place where the hand holding the sword was attached to the body of the sculpture.
Deformations in the design of the sword also caused the movement of sheets of titanium plating, creating-pitched sound of thundering metal. Therefore, inthe blade was replaced by another — entirely consisting of steel— and in the upper part of the sword, holes were provided that made it possible to reduce its windage.
The statue is not fixed to its foundations and is held in place only by its weight.
An anonymous official claimed that it had shifted 20 centimetres and was not expected to move much farther without collapsing. All formed cracks will be repaired and more than 6, m2 of concrete surfaces will be restored.
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Mother Motherland is the sister statue of The Motherland Calls in Russia. My date gave me a brief history of it–in short, Mother Motherland faces it’s sister statue in Volograd, Russia. My date gave me a brief history of it–in short, Mother Motherland faces it’s sister statue in Volograd, Russia.
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