Controversy exists over whether children can be said to differ in a unitary abstract ability called intelligence or whether each child might better be described as possessing a set of specific cognitive abilities. Some children are especially proficient with verbal problems and less proficient… Theories of intelligence Theories of intelligence, as is the case with most scientific theories, have evolved through a succession of models. Four of the most influential paradigms have been psychological measurementalso known as psychometrics; cognitive psychologywhich concerns itself with the processes by which the mind functions; cognitivism and contextualism, a combined approach that studies the interaction between the environment and mental processes; and biological sciencewhich considers the neural bases of intelligence.
It is now widely believed that emotions rather than IQ may be the true measure of human intelligence. This is the reason that behavioral scientists are now focusing more on EI.
So, the emotional intelligence is important in the following ways: For example, people with high EQ are motivated, satisfied, mental peace.
People are fully aware, self-control, have balance in life etc.
Thus, high EQ generates positive feelings which result in general happiness. Rationality is defined as the capacity for objective action. It is usually characterized by patent behavioral nexus between ends and means. Thus if appropriate means have been chosen to reach desired ends, the behavioral is rational.
With high EQ, a person is able to see the situation under which the behavior takes place in right perspective. With such a perspective, the person is able to establish right relationship between ends and means and his behavior tends to be rational.
Lack of EI leads to wrong perception of situation and the person interprets the information based on his emotions rather than reality.
In fact, the emotional barrier in communication is one of the biggest problems. With the result, the person does not show rational behavior.
Living in the society, a person takes something from it and gives something to it. This something may be physical and psychological forms.
In taking and giving process, a person with high EQ displays the same behavior towards others which he expects from them. If such a behavior is reciprocated by others, the behavior becomes gratifying to all the persons concerned.
This brings general happiness in the society including family, friendship group and work organization. As against this, a person with low EQ acts with emotions and becomes self-centered.
His behavior is often dysfunctional leading to general unhappiness in the society. Thus persons with high HQ are assets of the society while persons with low EQ are liabilities for it.
The model proposes that individuals vary in their ability to process information of an emotional nature and in their ability to relate emotional processing to a wider cognition.
This ability is seen to manifest itself in certain adaptive behaviors. The model claims that EI includes four types of abilities: Perceiving emotions represents a basic aspect of emotional intelligence, as it makes all other processing of emotional information possible.
The emotionally intelligent person can capitalize fully upon his or her changing moods in order to best fit the task at hand. For example, understanding emotions encompasses the ability to be sensitive to slight variations between emotions, and the ability to recognize and describe how emotions evolve over time.
Therefore, the emotionally intelligent person can harness emotions, even negative ones, and manage them to achieve intended goals. The ability EI model has been criticized in the research for lacking face and predictive validity in the workplace.
Central to the four-branch model is the idea that EI requires attunement to social norms. This and other similar problems have led some cognitive ability experts to question the definition of EI as a genuine intelligence.
In a study by F?? The test contains questions but it was found after publishing the test that 19 of these did not give the expected answers.
This has led Multi-Health Systems to remove answers to these 19 questions before scoring, but without stating this officially. Motivation — being driven to achieve for the sake of achievement.
Goleman includes a set of emotional competencies within each construct of EI. Emotional competencies are not innate talents, but rather learned capabilities that must be worked on and can be developed to achieve outstanding performance. Goleman posits that individuals are born with a general emotional intelligence that determines their potential for learning emotional competencies.At this stage we were still hunter-gatherers, out looking for food rather than growing and rearing our own supplies.
Modern day hunter-gatherers such as the San of Namibia and Botswana, still acquire about 60% of their energy intake from meat and milk.
Psychologists have long debated how to best conceptualize and measure intelligence (Sternberg, ). These questions include how many types of intelligence there are, the role of nature versus nurture in intelligence, how intelligence is represented in the brain, and the meaning of group differences in intelligence.
Cognitive psychology is a section of psychology that studies the cognitive, for example, the cognitive operations of human awareness. Research in this area is usually related to issues of storage, attention, feelings, providing information, reasonable thinking, imagination, the ability to make decisions.
Psychological harm can be difficult to operationalise because it can depend upon the person and it can be difficult to detect, both the participants and the researchers may not know that participants have been harmed psychologically.
Intelligence is one of the most talked about subjects within psychology. There is no one definition of what exactly intelligence is. Some researchers have suggested that intelligence is a single ability, while others believe that intelligence is a range of skills and abilities.
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