Program in Classical Art and Archaeology at Hopkins. Her research interests include Greek and Roman religion, the human form in ancient art, and modern issues in illicit trade of antiquities. She was excited and grateful to work so closely with ancient objects in preparation for The Roman House at Hopkins. Nineteenth century illustration of bronze religious objects from the Bay of Naples.
By the early Imperial era, they had become paired divinities, probably through the influences of Greek religion — in particular, the heroic twin Dioscuri — and the iconography of Rome's semi-divine founder-twins, Romulus and Remus. Lares are represented as two small, youthful, lively male figures clad in short, rustic, girdled tunics — made of dogskin, according to Plutarch.
One arm raises a drinking horn rhyton aloft as if to offer a toast or libation; the other bears a shallow libation dish patera.
Compitalia shrines of the same period show Lares figures of the same type. Painted shrine-images of paired Lares show them in mirrored poses to the left and right of a central figure, understood to be an ancestral genius.
Their domains[ edit ] Lares belonged within the "bounded physical domain" Household gods their protection, and seem to have been as innumerable as the places they protected. Some appear to have had overlapping functions and changes of name.
Some have no particular or descriptive name: Likewise those invoked along with other deities by the consul Publius Decius Mus as an act of devotio before his death in battle are simply "Lares".
The titles and domains given below cannot therefore be taken as exhaustive or definitive. Their shrines were usually positioned at main central crossroads compites of their vici, and provided a focus for the religious and social life of their community, particularly for the plebeian and servile masses.
Augustus' institution of cult to the Lares Praestites was held at the same Compitalia shrines, but on a different date. Lares of the house, probably identical with Lares Familiares. Lares of the family, probably identical with the Lares Domestici.
The sow's body was said to be kept at Lavinium, preserved in salt brine as a sacred object. Lares "of the fathers", possibly equivalent to the dii patrii deified ancestors who received cult at Parentalia.
Lares who protected seafarers; also a temple to them of which one is known at Rome's Campus martius. Lares of the city of Rome, later of the Roman state or community; literally, the "Lares who stand before", as guardians or watchmen.
They were housed in the state Regianear the temple of Vesta, with whose worship and sacred hearth they were associated; they seem to have protected Rome from malicious or destructive fire. They may have also functioned as the neighbourhood Lares of Octavian the later emperor Augustuswho owned a house between the Temple of Vesta and the Regia.
Augustus later gave this house and care of its Lares to the Vestals: His Compitalia reforms extended this identification to every neighbourhood Lares shrine. However, Lares Praestites and the Lares Compitales renamed as Lares Augusti should probably not be considered identical.
Their local festivals were held at the same Compitalia shrines, but at different times. Lares of the fields, identified as custodes agri — guardians of the fields — by Tibullus.
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Lares (/ ˈ l ɛər iː z, ˈ l eɪ r iː z /; Latin: Larēs, archaic Lases, singular Lar), were guardian deities in ancient Roman kaja-net.com origin is uncertain; they may have been hero-ancestors, guardians of the hearth, fields, boundaries, or fruitfulness, or an amalgamation of these.