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There are over million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: A third school, the Vajrayana, has a long tradition in Tibet and Japan.
Buddhism has largely disappeared from its country of origin, India, except for the presence there of many refugees from the Tibet region of China and a small number of converts from the lower castes of Hinduism.
Buddhism characteristically describes reality in terms of process and relation rather than entity or substance. Experience is analyzed into five aggregates skandhas. The first, form ruparefers to material existence; the following four, sensations vedanaperceptions samjnapsychic constructs samskaraand consciousness vijnanarefer to psychological processes.
The central Buddhist teaching of non-self anatman asserts that in the five aggregates no independently existent, immutable self, or soul, can be found. All phenomena arise in interrelation and in dependence on causes and conditions, and thus are subject to inevitable decay and cessation.
The casual conditions are defined in a membered chain called dependent origination pratityasamutpada whose links are: The Buddhist term papers from this cycle of rebirth and suffering is the total transcendence called nirvana. From the beginning, meditation and observance of moral precepts were the foundation of Buddhist practice.
The five basic moral precepts, undertaken by members of monastic orders and the laity, are to refrain from taking life, stealing, acting unchastely, speaking falsely, and drinking intoxicants. Members of monastic orders also take five additional precepts: Their lives are further regulated by a large number of rules known as the Pratimoksa.
Lay practices such as the worship of stupas burial mounds containing relics predate Buddhism and gave rise to later ritualistic and devotional practices.
Early Buddhism India during the lifetime of the Buddha was in a state of religious and cultural ferment. Sects, teachers, and wandering ascetics abounded, espousing widely varying philosophical views and religious practices. Some of these sects derived from the Brahmanical tradition see Hinduismwhile others opposed the Vedic and Upanishadic ideas of that tradition.
Buddhism, which denied both the efficacy of Vedic ritual and the validity of the caste system, and which spread its teachings using vernacular languages rather than Brahmanical Sanskrit, was by far the most successful of the heterodox or non-Vedic systems.
Buddhist tradition tells how Siddhartha Gautama, born a prince and raised in luxury, renounced the world at the age of 29 to search for an ultimate solution to the problem of the suffering innate in the human condition.
After six years of spiritual discipline he achieved the supreme enlightment and spent the remaining 45 years of his life teaching and establishing a community of monks and nuns, the sangha, to continue his work. BC, when they were first committed to writing see Buddhist literature; Pali.
Conflicting opinions about monastic practice as well as religious and philosophical issues, especially concerning the analyses of experience elaborated as the systems of Abhidharma, probably caused differing sects to flourish rapidly.
Knowledge of early differences is limited, however, because the earliest extant written version of the scriptures 1st cent. Although the Theravada [doctrine of the elders] is known to be only one of many early Buddhist schools traditionally numbered at 18its beliefs as described above are generally accepted as representative of the early Buddhist doctrine.
The ideal of early Buddhism was the perfected saintly sage, arahant or arhat, who attained liberation by purifying self of all defilements and desires.About The Paper Store. Since , we are the original academic assistance company providing professional aid, research, and model term papers, essays, book reports, theses, and dissertations to students worldwide.
Buddhism term papers available at kaja-net.com, the largest free term paper community. A Sample Buddhism term paper: I-Introduction & General Information Buddhism is one of the most popular religions in Asia, particularly in South East Asia in countries such as China, Japan, Vietnam, .
1. Briefly outline the key events in Siddhartha’s life before he became known as the Buddha. What experiences in his early life helped him to formulate the idea of a Middle Way? 2. Explain the concept of dukkha and its role in Buddhist teaching. 3. Compare and contrast some of the basic ideas of Theravada Continue reading "Buddhism".
Term Papers words | ( pages) | Preview Buddhism And The Four Principle Beliefs - BUDDHISM AND THE FOUR PRINCIPLE BELIEFS Buddhism, with about million followers makes up 6% of the world's population and is the fourth largest religion in the .
An Introduction To Buddhism. Buddhism is a religion. Currently in there are more than million people who study Buddhism spread across the world.