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In order to do so, he defines myth and history, rejects the former and accepts the latter as proper classifications of the Bible.
He succeeds, to a degree, on 1. He did pretty well on 2until it came to addressing alternative hypotheses, where he falls flat. This volume is basically a more polemical version of. Althoug Oswalt's aims are to 1 establish Biblical religion as distinct from that of its neighbors, and 2 establish that only supernatural means could have made Israel distinct.
Although Walton helped with this project, he differs from Walton on major facts. I get bored arguing definitions so I'll skip that part. Oswalt argues that the Biblical world view is "transcendent;" God transcends the cosmos. The other ANE religions can be described as "continuous;" Humans, nature, and the gods are all continuous with each other.
He lists the following differences between the Bible and the rest of the ANE: I'll just address very quickly the points on which I believe he is wrong. This is simply not true, as the word elohim is appropriated to Yahweh, sons of God in the divine council, angels, disembodied human dead, etc.
Older portions have Yahweh as the Most High God, and even older portions have Yahweh as a junior deity.
That's because he, like Oswald, assumes the unity of the Bible and doesn't do any source criticism. I bought this argument until I read. The P writer has a high view of humanity God made garden for manbut the earlier J writer has man slaving away for the gods just like the Babylonian account Gen3.
That is why most scholars, Walton included, do not believe Gen1. However, Chronicles does indeed whitewash David's sins recorded in Kings. Oswalt concludes that nothing but divine intervention could have set Israel from that of her neighbors. No cataclysmic event could have done it.
Babylonian captivity could not have done it; the same thing happened to other West Semitic religions, and the result was the death of their religions when they realized their god was powerless. Well, Israel's situation differs because even before the exile they believed Yahweh was more powerful than the other gods.
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Oswalt may argue, that well, that just moves the question one step back; How did Israel believe in Yahweh's superiority when Israel's neighbors were polytheistic?
Well, the fact is, even the old Canaanite religion is henotheistic. As Walton said, "In the Ugaritic literature the head of the pantheon is El.
Well, then how did the Canaanites become that way?Essay on The Bible Among the Myths Summary Words | 15 Pages. SUMMARY OF JOHN N. OSWALT’S BOOK THE BIBLE AMONG THE MYTHS David Strickland Old Testament Introduction - OBST June 1, Introduction The author, John N.
Oswalt, was first introduced to the subject of this book in his seminary studies in the s. The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts, a book published in , discusses the archaeology of Israel and its relationship to the origins and content of the Hebrew kaja-net.com authors are Israel Finkelstein, Professor of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University, and Neil Asher Silberman, an archaeologist, historian and contributing editor to.
John N. Oswalt, in his book The Bible Among the Myths, provides the reader with a brief, yet comprehensive view of the differences and similarities between the .
Summary of the Book of Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy is a book containing four sermons that Moses gave to the people before entering the Promised Land. Book Summary of The Bible Among the Myth James E. Thomas Liberty University Course OBST 1 This preview has intentionally blurred sections.
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Allen Ross. Dr Ross joined the faculty of Beeson Divinity School in as Beeson Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew. He is the author of Introducing Biblical Hebrew and Grammar, Holiness to the Lord: A Guide to the Exposition of the Book of Leviticus, .