That a representative of the heartland of Federalism could speak in such positive terms of the visit by a Southern president whose decisive election had marked not only a sweeping Republican victory but also the demise of the national Federalist Party was dramatic testimony that former foes were inclined to put aside the sectional and political differences of the past. James Monroe, oil sketch by E. Library of Congress, Washington, D. Abetting the mood of nationalism was the foreign policy of the United States after the war.
Manifest Destiny had brought Americans to the end of the continent. President Millard Fillmore hoped to continue Manifest Destiny, and with this aim he sent Commodore Matthew Perry to Japan in the hopes of arranging trade agreements in A railroad to the Pacific was planned, and Senator Stephen A.
Douglas wanted the transcontinental railway to pass through Chicago. Southerners protested, insisting that it run through Texas, Southern California and end in New Orleans. Douglas decided to compromise and introduced the Kansas—Nebraska Act of Douglas anticipated Southern opposition to the act and added in a provision that stated that the status of the new territories would be subject to popular sovereignty.
In theory, the new states could become slave states under this condition. Under Southern pressure, Douglas added a clause which explicitly repealed the Missouri Compromise.
President Franklin Pierce supported the bill as did the South and a fraction of northern Democrats.
The act split the Whigs. Most Northern Whigs joined the new Republican Party. Some joined the Know-Nothing Party which refused to take a stance on slavery.
The southern Whigs tried different political moves, but could not reverse the regional dominance of the Democratic Party. Bleeding Kansas With the opening of Kansas, settlers rushed into the new territory.
Both pro- and anti-slavery supporters rushed to settle in the new territory. Violent clashes soon erupted between them. Pro-slavery advocates, mainly from Missouri, settled in Leavenworth and Lecompton. Inelections were held for the territorial legislature.
While there were only 1, legal voters, migrants from Missouri swelled the population to over 6, The result was that a pro-slavery majority was elected to the legislature.
Free-soilers were so outraged that they set up their own delegates in Topeka.
A group of anti-slavery Missourians sacked Lawrence on May 21, Violence continued for two more years until the promulgation of the Lecompton Constitution. The violence, known as " Bleeding Kansas ," scandalized the Democratic administration and began a more heated sectional conflict.
The new Republican Party[ edit ] The new Republican party emerged in —56 in the North; it had minimal support in the South.
Most members were former Whigs or Free Soil Democrats. The Party was ideological, with a focus on stopping the spread of slavery, and modernizing the economy through tariffs, banks, railroads and free homestead land for farmers.
Historian James Oakes explains the strategy: Election of [ edit ] Main article: Election of President Pierce was too closely associated with the horrors of "Bleeding Kansas" and was not renominated.
% Free AP Test Prep website that offers study material to high school students seeking to prepare for AP exams. Enterprising students use this website to learn AP class material, study for class quizzes and tests, and to . Education Index Reform Movements in the United States Sought to Expand Democratic Ideals." Assess the Validity of This Statement with Specific Reference to the Years to Assess the Validity of This Statement with Specific Reference to the Years to AP US History: (Chapter 12) and gave both countries a joint occupation of the Oregon Territory for the next 10 years. won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy.
Instead, the Democrats nominated former Secretary of State and current ambassador to Great Britain James BuchananThe Know Nothing Party nominated former President Millard Fillmore, who campaigned on a platform that mainly opposed immigration and urban corruption of the sort associated with Irish Catholics.
A slight shift of votes in Pennsylvania and Illinois would have resulted in a Republican victory. It had a strong base with majority support in most Northern states.
It had almost no support in the South, where it was roundly denounced in —60 as a divisive force that threatened civil war. Fremont was ridiculed for being born out of wedlock to a teenage mother. More damaging to the latter was the accusation by Know-Nothings that he was a secret Roman Catholic.
Some Southern leaders threatened secession if a "free soiler" Northern candidate were elected. The two-year old Republican Party nonetheless had a strong showing in its first presidential contest, and might have won except for Fillmore.
Dred Scott, a slave, had lived with his master for a few years in Illinois and Wisconsin, and with the support of abolitionist groups, was now suing for his freedom on the grounds that he resided in a free state.
The Supreme Court quickly ruled on the very obvious--that slaves were not US citizens and thus had no right to sue in a Federal court.Education Index Reform Movements in the United States Sought to Expand Democratic Ideals." Assess the Validity of This Statement with Specific Reference to the Years to Assess the Validity of This Statement with Specific Reference to the Years to Historical events in See what famous, scandalous and important events happened in or search by date or keyword.
AP US History: (Chapter 12) and gave both countries a joint occupation of the Oregon Territory for the next 10 years. won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy.
% Free AP Test Prep website that offers study material to high school students seeking to prepare for AP exams. Enterprising students use this website to learn AP class material, study for class quizzes and tests, and to .
Growth in the United States, – seven Southern states declared their secession from the United States between late and , The next four years were the darkest in American history as the nation tore at itself using the latest military technology and highly motivated soldiers.
Return to History Introduction. Return to. Timeline: Antebellum Era the first drawing for the lottery would take place two years later. Finally the war led to the annexation of California to the United States - the debate over its status as a free or slave state would help initiate the.