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How the Plague Changed Art History The plague fist showed up in Italy in the late s and returned with regular outbreaks for the next five hundred years.
The effects were lasting, bringing a somber darkness to visual art, literature, and music. The dreadful trauma of this era instigated the imaginations of writers and painters in bleak and disturbing ways for decades to follow. Hell, Satan and the Grim Reaper became favored subjects.
Barbarians no longer ran rough shod, putting entire villages to the torch and slaughtering the local peasants. Without the constant fear of invasion, art and architecture found fertile ground to grow. Gothic painters were not simply anonymous lowly craftsmen, but well respected professionals.
changed a great deal because it suffered from the same economic hardships caused by the Black Death as the rest of Europe did. In , in an attempt to resolve the problem of the two papacies, a group of cardinals met in Pisa and. The Black Death - introduction. The Black Death or Plague was an epidemic which reached Europe in the s although it started half way across the world.. There had been plagues at various times for thousands of years, some of which may have been similar to the Black Death. Black Death: Same as Black Plague or Bubonic Plague. Black Plague: Same as Black Death or Bubonic Plague. Bubonic In his introduction to the fictional portion of his book, Boccaccio gives a graphic description of the effects of the epidemic on his city. The Signs of Impending Death.
They were held in high esteem and often interacted with clergy and wealthy patrons. The arrival of Black death harkened in a new darker era of painting. Paintings were overflowing with tortured souls, death, dying, fire and brimstone. What was the Plague?
Bubonic plague is a bacillus, an organism, most often carried by infested rats who were plague-ridden with fleas. It was a grisly sickness. The victim's skin turned purplish in places and inflamed pustules burst open spilling contagious puss on bystanders.
This caused clergy to denounce early victims as being possessed by the devil. After a few days or even hours plague victims became unrecognizable, grotesque monsters. The died by the millions, alone in agony, their kinsmen fleeing in terror.
Preventing the Plague Many believed that the disease was spread upon the air, So, the survivors turned to incense, fragrant oils and perfumes to ward off the deadly vapors that they believed to be causing the infection.
With so many bodies piling up, if nothing else the air smelled a bit better. Towns rang church bells and held parades where all the citizens paraded through the streets banging pots and pans to drive the plague away.
Gypsies, Jews, foreign travelers, and lepers were hunted down and killed as they were believed to be the carriers of the disease. Medieval entrepreneurs made a fortune selling talismans, lucky charms and enchantments. Peasants who could not afford such luxuries simply wore a necklace of garlic around their necks or crushed herbs in their pockets.The Black Death is a bacteria-borne disease; the bacteria in question being Yersinia pestis, which was carried in the blood of wild black rats and the fleas that lived off the rats.
Normally there is no contact between these fleas and human beings, but when their rat hosts die, these fleas are forced to seek alternatives - including humans!
INTRODUCTION Around in northwestern Europe, the population was beginning to outgrow the food supply and a severe economic crisis began to take place. The winters were extremely cold and the summers were dry.
The Black Death and the Transfor-mation of the West; Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA, (3) Hirst, L. F. From the eleventh century to the Black Death in Europe was economically vigorous and expanding, especially in Mediterranean societies.
In this world of growing wealth new educational institutions were founded, the universities, and it was in these that a new form of medicine came to be taught and which widely influenced medical care throughout Europe.
The Black Death of October to c is one of the worst catastrophes in recorded history – a deadly plague that ravaged communities across Europe, changing forever their social and economic fabric.
A fascinating account of the phenomenon known as the Black Death, this volume offers a wealth of documentary material focused on the initial outbreak of the plague that ravaged the world in . The Black Death research papers cover the famous plague that covered the world in the 14th Century.
The Black Death is one of many research paper topics that Paper Masters provides. Use this topic suggestion as a guide on how to write a paper or order your own custom research paper.