We believe that it is time to stop the ineffective, racially biased, and unjust enforcement of marijuana prohibition and to create a new, well-regulated, and inclusive marijuana industry that is rooted in racial and economic justice. Why Should We Legalize? Reduce harm The criminalization of marijuana use disproportionately harms young people and people of color, sponsors massive levels of violence and corruption, and fails to curb youth access. Create jobs Legalizing and regulating marijuana will bring one of the nation's largest cash crops under the rule of law.
The purpose of the act was to prohibit all non-medical use of cannabis in the U. Pharmacopeia inat the urging of famed anti-cannabis crusader Harry Anslinger. Despite the strict federal prohibition in place, cannabis continued to gain renewed interest as medicine in the s and s, in particular due to the testimonials of cancer and AIDS patients who reported significant relief from the effects of chemotherapy and wasting syndrome.
Title II of the act — the Controlled Substances Act — established a system under which all controlled substances are categorized, varying from Schedule I the strictest classification to Schedule V the least strict.
Cannabis was placed in the Schedule I category, assumed to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use — thereby prohibiting its use for any purpose. Shafer — determined in its March report to the President and Congress that the societal harms caused by cannabis were limited, and recommended removal of criminal penalties for possession and distribution of small amounts of the drug.
Schedule II drugs — determined to have a high potential for abuse but also some accepted medical use thus able to be prescribed — include cocainePCPmethamphetamineoxycodoneand fentanyl.
The Drug Enforcement Administration is granted authority under the CSA to change the classification of any drug, based upon the recommendation of the Food and Drug Administration which evaluates all drugs for safety and efficacy.
Stewart McKinney and Newt Gingrich that grew to 84 cosponsors but never received a floor vote. Young ruled in favor of moving cannabis to a Schedule II classification, finding that "Marijuana, in its natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man.
It would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious for [the] DEA to continue to stand between those sufferers and the benefits of this substance in light of the evidence in this record.
Court of Appeals upheld the decision to keep cannabis a Schedule I drug. The program was created following a lawsuit filed by Robert Randalla Washington, D. Masonthe head of U. Public Health Serviceexplained that keeping the program in place created the perception that "this stuff can't be so bad", and noted that AIDS patients provided with cannabis would be more likely to engage in unsafe sex.
In response, the Clinton administration reiterated its firm opposition to the medical use of cannabis,  and threatened to revoke the prescription-writing abilities of doctors who recommend or prescribe the drug. McCaffreywhich affirmed the right of physicians to recommend but not prescribe cannabis.
Bush escalated efforts to enforce federal law during his 8 years in office, with more than raids conducted and 84 individuals prosecuted by his administration.
Walters was particularly active in opposing the medical use of cannabis, campaigning against initiatives in a number of states in what medical cannabis advocates charged was an inappropriate use of taxpayer dollars and a violation of the Hatch Act.
During his campaign for president, Obama expressed support for allowing states to implement their own medical cannabis policies, stating: Attorneys to a number of state and city officials, threatening to criminally prosecute these individuals if the implementation of new medical cannabis laws moved forward.
Cole in June Attorneys sent out hundreds more letters over the next two years, threatening landlords with criminal prosecution and seizure of property for renting to medical cannabis providers.
The memo was prompted in particular by the recent legalization of non-medical cannabis in Washington and Colorado, but also addressed enforcement in medical cannabis states. Rohrabacher—Farr amendment[ edit ] On December 16,a landmark victory was achieved for medical cannabis at the federal level with the signing into law of the Rohrabacher—Farr amendment.
Initially introduced by Rep. Maurice Hinchey inthe amendment prohibits the Justice Department from spending funds to interfere with the implementation of state medical cannabis laws. District Judge Charles Breyer ruled against the Justice Department in Octoberhowever, stating that the DOJ interpretation "defies language and logic" and "tortures the plain meaning of the statute", and was "counterintuitive and opportunistic".
Only seven states ended up implementing the programs, however,  due to the large bureaucratic and regulatory obstacles imposed by the federal government.
These laws were largely ineffectual though, due to the continued prohibition of medical cannabis at the federal level. Bob Barr and approved by Congress prevented its implementation for over a decade.
District Court Judge Richard W. Roberts agreed, overturning the Barr amendment. Barr then introduced a similar amendment which became law in Novembersetting off a long legal battle  until finally in December the Barr amendment was removed from the annual D.Eleven leading Republican candidates for president gathered at the Ronald Reagan library in California for the second GOP debate on Wednesday night.
This is a full transcript of the debate, which. According to a study by the RAND Corporation, approximately 60 percent of arrestees test positive for marijuana use in the United States, England, and Australia. America’s Marijuana Evolution. The state of marijuana laws in the United States has changed appreciably over the last two decades.
This rapid evolution can be tracked along five important axes: and several other states have begun to consider their own legalization proposals. Though marijuana remains illegal at the federal level for. Marijuana legalization in New Jersey must be fair and equitable and must address past disproportionate harms to communities of color.
Grow New Mexico DPA has been advocating at the state legislature for passage of a Constitutional Amendment allowing the possession, use, and . 30 Mins Ago. LONDON/ ULAANBAATAR, Sept Nearly 10 years on from the launch of a giant copper and gold project in Mongolia, Rio Tinto is still looking to secure a domestic power source it needs.
If I wanted to destroy an enemy society, and had a long-term focus, wanted to do it stealthily, and effectively, to make the society destroy itself and the ability to .