Galeriuswho had previously been one of the leading figures in persecution, in issued an edict which ended the Diocletian persecution of Christianity. He was then succeeded by an emperor with distinctively pro Christian leanings, Constantine the Great.
Christianity began as a Jewish sect in the mid-1st century arising out of the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. The life of Jesus is recounted in the New Testament of the Bible, one of the bedrock texts of Western Civilization and inspiration for countless works of Western art.
Christmas and Easter remain holidays in many Western nations. Jesus learned the texts of the Hebrew Bible, with its Ten Commandments which later became influential in Western law and became an influential wandering preacher.
He was a persuasive teller of parables and moral philosopher who urged followers to worship God, act without violence or prejudice and care for the sick, hungry and poor.
These teachings have been deeply influential in Western culture. Jesus criticized the privilege and hypocrisy of the religious establishment which drew the ire of the authorities, who persuaded the Roman Governor of the province of JudaeaPontius Pilateto have him executed.
The Tanakh says Jesus was executed for sorcery and for leading the people into apostacy. Catholicism, as we know it, emerged slowly. Christians often faced persecution during these early centuries, particularly for their refusal to join in worshiping the emperors.
Nevertheless, carried through the synagogues, merchants and missionaries across the known world, the new internationalist religion quickly grew in size and influence. Rulers, and the priests, soldiers and bureaucrats who carried out their will, were a small minority who kept power by exploiting the many.
Slaves and 'barbarians' did not have a full right to life and human sacrifices and gladiatorial combat were acceptable Spartan Law required that deformed infants be put to death; for Plato, infanticide is one of the regular institutions of the ideal State; Aristotle regards abortion as a desirable option; and the Stoic philosopher Seneca writes unapologetically: And whilst there were deviations from these views Most historians of western morals agree that the rise of Christianity contributed greatly to the general feeling that human life is valuable and worthy of respect.
Lecky gives the now classical account of the sanctity of human life in his history of European morals saying Christianity "formed a new standard, higher than any which then existed in the world Gushee says "The justice teachings of Jesus are closely related to a committment to life's sanctity For women deacons, the oldest rite in the West comes from an eighth-century book, whereas Eastern rites go all the way back to the third century and there are more of them.
There are several Gospel accounts of Jesus imparting important teachings to and about women: Historian Geoffrey Blainey concludes that "as the standing of women was not high in Palestine, Jesus' kindnesses towards them were not always approved by those who strictly upheld tradition.
The church forbade its members to do so. Greco-Roman society saw no value in an unmarried woman, and therefore it was illegal for a widow to go more than two years without remarrying.
Christianity did not force widows to marry and supported them financially. Pagan widows lost all control of their husband's estate when they remarried, but the church allowed widows to maintain their husband's estate.
Christians did not believe in cohabitation.The Spread of Christianity. From a sect of Jews to a world dominating religion that defeated the Roman Empire, the story of Christianity is – for better or worse – intimately intertwined with Jewish history.
The five authors wanted to know how Christianity grew from a tiny religious sect to one of the largest religions in the world. "One theory is that Christianity has spread by a kind of top down. Constantine the Great was a very influential man on Christianity and many admired what he did.
He was the first roman emperor to ever support Christianity and make it a religion that was commonly used and allowed throughout Rome. The Spread of Christianity. From a sect of Jews to a world dominating religion that defeated the Roman Empire, the story of Christianity is – for better or worse – intimately intertwined with Jewish history.
Constantine’s Conversion. As Jews began to settle in Babylon, a Roman general by the name of Constantine rose in the ranks. But one emperor who supported christianity is the one who played the biggest role among all emperors in spreading christianity.
His name was Constantine. His name was Constantine. Constantine was a hugely influential emperor who changed the course of history and .
In Constantine triumphed over Licinius and became the sole ruler of the Roman world. The victory enabled Constantine to move the seat of government permanently to the East, to the ancient.