This is known as the "dividend-irrelevance theory", indicating that there is no effect from dividends on a company's capital structure or stock price. MM's dividend-irrelevance theory says that investors can affect their return on a stock regardless of the stock's dividend. For example, suppose, from an investor's perspective, that a company's dividend is too big. That investor could then buy more stock with the dividend that is over the investor's expectations.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract Learning theories are the main guide for educational systems planning in the classroom and clinical training included in nursing. The teachers by knowing the general principles of these theories can use their knowledge more effectively according to various learning situations.
In this study, Eric, Medline, and Cochrane databases were used for articles in English and for the Persian literature, Magiran, Iran doc, Iran medex, and Sid databases were used with the help of keywords including social cognitive learning, learning theory, behavioral theory, cognitive theory, constructive theory, and nursing education.
The search period was considered from to Some related books were also studied about each method, its original vision, the founders, practical application of the training theory, especially training of nursing and its strengths and weaknesses. Behaviorists believe that learning is a change in an observable behavior and it happens when the communication occurs between the two events, a stimulus and a response.
Among the applications of this approach is the influence on the learner's emotional reactions. Among the theories of this approach, Thorndike and Skinner works are subject to review and critique.
Cognitive psychologists unlike the behaviorists believe that learning is an internal process objective and they focus on thinking, understanding, organizing, and consciousness. Fundamentalists believe that learners should be equipped with the skills of inquiry and problem solving in order to learn by the discovery and process of information.
Among this group, we will pay attention to analyze Wertheimer, Brunner, Ausubel theories, Ganyeh information processing model, in addition to its applications in nursing education. Humanists in learning pay attention to the feelings and experiences.
Carl Rogers support the retention of learning-centered approach and he is believed to a semantic continuum. At the other end of the continuum, experiential learning is located with the meaning and meaningful.
It applies the minds and feelings of the person. From this group, the main focus will be on the works of Rogers and Novels. Finally, it could be concluded that the usage of any of these theoriesin its place would be desired and useful.
In other words, theory is a set of related propositions, which should be able to describe, explain, predict, or control the phenomena. Learning theories have tried to provide explanations about learning and their application.
Theories of learning are the framework of the structure and principles that pay attention to the description and explanation of the people's learning. It is recommended to use learning theories, single or separated or a combination in the health professions including the nursing.
In most countries, including Iran, nurses are responsible for the design, implementation, and procedures for promoting health training. The nurses can use this approach in the field of self-care education to the patients. Learning theories can be used individually, group-wise or at a community level, not only for understanding and learning new things, but also for problem solving, changing the health habits, constructive communication, control emotions and affecting behavior development.Basic Strategy Concepts Learning Objectives After reading and studying this chapter, you should be able to: or distribution to its customers, clients, patients, or beneficiaries.
This is true for a phar-maceutical company selling its drugs to retail drug chains, a durable. Decision theory (or the theory of choice) is the study of the reasoning underlying an agent's choices.
One example is the model of economic growth and resource usage developed by the Club of Rome to help politicians make real-life decisions in complex situations .
In real life (as demonstrated by the fat tail distribution), strategies with limited profit potential and unlimited or large risk potential are inferior strategies. McMillan is highly respected and this book is often included in lists for best books to learn options so I have no reason to doubt his statement.
MM's dividend-irrelevance theory says that investors can affect their return on a stock regardless of the stock's dividend. For example, suppose, from an investor's perspective, that a company's. Required minimum distribution rules do not apply to Roth IRAs during the lifetime of the original owner, or to participants in (k) plans who are less than 5% owners, until they retire.
RMDs are also required from (b) and (b) plans, as well as from SEP IRAs, SARSEPs, and SIMPLE IRAs. Basic Strategy Concepts Learning Objectives After reading and studying this chapter, you should be able to: or distribution to its customers, clients, patients, or beneficiaries.
This is true for a phar-maceutical company selling its drugs to retail drug chains, a durable.